A detergent removes organic and oily stains from clothes by means of surfactants, which are one of detergent's main ingredients. Surfactants interact with water and oil differently, dislodging oily stains from clothes when they come in contact with water in a washing machine.
Detergents contain surfactants and enzymes that pull dirt and oil away from fabrics, according to About.com Chemistry. The molecular structure of a surfactant is such that one part of the molecule is magnetized to grease and dirt, while the other side of the molecule is magnetized to water. When sur
While they come in different brands and prices, most detergents share the same components, which can be classified into four groups: surfactants, functional materials, catalytic enzymes and fragrance. The integration of these components produces detergents, such as laundry detergents, soaps and biol
The 2013 tests from Consumer Reports list Wisk Deep Clean as the best detergent, while Good Housekeeping's 2012 test names Ultra Tide as the best. The runner-ups in each test were Costco's Kirkland Signature and Gain Dazzle & Shine, respectively.
HE stands for 'High Efficiency' laundry detergent. Such detergents are formulated for use in high-efficiency washing machines, including front load washers and top load washers using less water. HE detergents are low-sudsing and quick dispersing for optimal use in low water volume machines.
The main ingredients found in detergents include surfactants, bleaches, builders, colorants, solvents, optical brighteners, resource efficiency, wash water and packaging. Each detergent manufacturer uses a combination of mixtures and secret ingredients to produce a specific brand.
A simple liquid laundry detergent formula consists of 1 cup washing soda, 1/2 cup borax, 4 cups of water and 1 bar soap. Dry detergent recipes will omit the water, but they may add baking soda, oxygen bleach and scent.
Detergent decreases the surface tension of water and attracts molecules of dirt and grease. The surface-active elements that make up detergent have two ends. The hydrophilic (water-loving) end attracts water and pulls it towards the hydrophobic (water-hating) end. This reduces the surface tension of
The fundamental difference between soaps and detergents is that soaps are produced from natural ingredients, while detergents are made from synthetic sources. Soap is made from a combination of fats and oils, which are taken from plants and animals and combined with sodium or potassium salts to prod
Two highly rated high efficiency, or HE, detergents on Amazon.com are Tide Original Scent HE Turbo Clean liquid laundry detergent and Country Save HE powder laundry detergent. Both products receive a customer rating of over four out of five stars.