Poisoning raccoons is typically ineffective, and in some states it is illegal to poison the animals. Options that are effective include trapping, fencing the property and removing items that attract the animals, such as garbage or other food sources.
State and local laws change from state to state, but most areas do not allow poisoning as an option to get rid of raccoons. Most states, like Indiana, New York and Oklahoma, recommend removing food sources and den making areas before taking any steps to remove the raccoon, as noted by the government
Homemade raccoon poison is frequently made by mixing toxic fly bait with Coca Cola to disguise the taste; however, killing raccoons in this manner is strongly advised against as it presents a danger to other animals. Homemade raccoon poison has been known to kill cats and dogs.
Predators of the raccoon include bobcats, coyotes, great horned owls and cougars. Depending upon location, they are also consumed by eagle owls, wolves and lynxes. Some humans also trap and eat raccoon, and one raccoon can feed up to five adults.
In English, the word "raccoon" is an adaptation of a Native American word from the Powhatan tribe that means "animal that scratches with its hands." The animal's scientific name is Procyon lotor. It is neo-Latin, and it means “before-dog washer."
Wild raccoons eat primarily worms, insects and other invertebrates, plant materials and fruits, according to About.com. Raccoons are omnivores, so they eat both meat and plants. Their diet varies according to season.
Generally speaking, raccoons tend to favor wooded areas close to water, often making their dens in trees and logs. However, they can also be found in a variety of other habitats, from prairies to marshes and even cities, wherever there is a ready source of food.
Raccoons are omnivores, meaning they eat a vast selection of plant and animal foods. They are opportunistic feeders, and their diets change according to what is available in their location.
Raccoons can be controlled by trapping and releasing them, setting up secure barriers, and driving them away using lighting or noise. Raccoons are considered a protected species in some states, so hunting or poisoning them is, in many cases, strictly regulated or even illegal.
There are seven different species of raccoons, including the North American raccoon, the most common member of the raccoon family. The distinctive masked face of this raccoon species is seen in the wild from north of Canada to South America.