The benefits of living near a volcano are enriched soil, opportunities to efficiently harness geothermal energy and potential tourist income. Metals and precious stones are also common in volcanic soil, and rivers flowin... More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes

Lava, fragments and ash clouds from volcanoes all pose dangers to nearby residents and their property. Hot lava from effusive volcanoes can kill people and burn plants and buildings. Rock and material fragments that spew... More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes

In some cases, locals live near volcanoes out of allegiance or personal connection to the area. Since active volcanoes may go hundreds or thousands of years without eruption, some residents are descendants of many genera... More » World View Social Sciences Cultures & Traditions
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A volcano is a place where molten rock seeps or erupts from beneath the crust. Most volcanoes develop in the oceans, but some occur on land. When the molten rock, which is called lava, erupts with force, large, cone-shap... More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes

The three major types of volcanoes are the cinder cone, the shield volcano and the stratovolcano. Each type differs in shape, size, erupted materials and eruption type. More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes

Pyroclastic material is the mixture of hot rock, ash and lava fragments that are thrown from the vent of a volcano during an eruption. Pyroclastic material typically moves away from the vent at a rapid rate of speed carr... More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes

According to the UCSB Geology Department, a volcanic eruption is defined as a volcanic event resulting in the emission of gases, lava, ash or other material from a volcano. These can manifest as a single eruptive pulse, ... More » Science Earth Science Volcanoes