There were few commercial bakers operating during colonial times until cities and towns began to be established, such as in 1640 A.D. in Plymouth and 1645 A.D. in New York. Outside of dense settlements, most baking was d... More » History Modern History US History

The lives of colonial bakers began early in the day, as did that of other preparers of food, and it revolved upon proper time management and the usage of fresh ingredients. While the colonial diet consisted of a number o... More » History Modern History Exploration & Imperialism

In Colonial times, soap was made by boiling lye, slowly dissolving animal fat in it and then cooking the ingredients for long hours. Soap requires both a fatty acid and an alkali, which is a chemical that neutralizes aci... More » History Modern History US History
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Colonists in New York made their living in a variety of ways, including fur and lumber trading, shipping, the slave trade and farming. By the end of the 17th century, New York was a prosperous colony with a thriving merc... More » History Modern History US History

During Colonial times in New York, people walked, rode horses or used stagecoaches for land journeys, but traveling by boat was much faster, especially for merchants hauling heavy goods like grain. Some roads in New York... More » History Modern History US History

After Congress was established in 1789 by the Constitution, the capital of the United States was located in three cities over the next 11 years: New York, Philadelphia and Washington D.C. The capital was officially moved... More » History Modern History US History

The history of Massachusetts began when the Pilgrims landed in at what would become known as Plymouth in 1620. It became a British colony in the New World in 1630 and was the first colony to vote for independence. It bec... More » History Modern History US History