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In the Aztec empire, much of the governmental power was held by city councils, with the empire being ruled by the largest of the city councils in Tenochtitlan. The city councils were comprised of members of the calpulli,... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America

There were a number of jobs available in Aztec society, and people had access to certain types of work depending on the social group they were born into. Farm work formed the foundation of the Aztec economy, but there we... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America

The Aztec social structure was a hierarchy of classes in which people had specific roles, and these roles included the noble class, commoner class and slaves. In most cases, each class included different types of people,... More »

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The Aztec Empire was located in what is now called central Mexico and was the last of the great Mesoamerica native civilizations to be overthrown. The Aztec Empire was overthrown in 1521 when Hernan Cortes, the Spanish c... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America

A smallpox epidemic swept through the Inca Empire, weakening it just in time for the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and his men and allies to conquer it. There is also strong evidence that the empire was already ... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America

The Inca empire lasted from 1438 until 1532, when the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro arrived and conquered the empire. The Inca civilization began around the year 1200, but their empire did not begin until Pachac... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America

The Inca empire was located along western South America. At the height of its expansion in 1533, it reached from the modern-day countries of Colombia to Chile, encompassing a 2,500-mile region. The population of the empi... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient America