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The Indians of the North American Arctic, or Inuit, were the last of the native people to settle in North America and comprised eight distinct groups: Labrador, New Quebec, Baffin Island, Igloolik, Caribou, Netsilik, Copper and Western Arctic. The name Inuit means "the ...


The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean in the world and is about 8 percent of the size of the Pacific Ocean. Its water is consistently cold with temperatures ranging between minus 30 to minus 70 degrees Celsius throughout the year. When the icy water turns into an ice s...


Arctic wolves are a subspecies of the grey wolf, originally native to the northern hemisphere north of 15 degrees north latitude. Behaviorally they are identical to other grey wolves. Arctic wolves live in packs ranging from seven to 30 wolves.


The arctic fox lives in the tundra areas of the world ranging from Alaska to Russia. They eat squirrels, lemmings, small birds, eggs, berries and fish and grow to be between 18 and 26 inches long.


The primary producers in the arctic ecosystem are phytoplankton and plants, according to the Norwegian Polar Institute. Producers are classified as organisms that transform energy from the sun into carbohydrates.


The word "Arctic" originates from the Greek word for "bear." The Arctic area encompasses more than 18 million square miles. Neanderthal remains found in the Arctic have been carbon-dated to thousands of years after it is generally thought that the Neanderthals existed.


Depending on the time of year, the average temperature of the Arctic can range between 0 degrees Celsius in the summer to 40 degrees Celsius in the winter. The Arctic's cold temperatures can be attributed to different variables, one of which is the low position of the s...