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The primary producers in the arctic ecosystem are phytoplankton and plants, according to the Norwegian Polar Institute. Producers are classified as organisms that transform energy from the sun into carbohydrates.


Depending on the time of year, the average temperature of the Arctic can range between 0 degrees Celsius in the summer to 40 degrees Celsius in the winter. The Arctic's cold temperatures can be attributed to different variables, one of which is the low position of the s...


Animals that make their home in the Arctic include the snowy owl, puffin, Arctic fox, lemming and musk ox. Examples of sea animals in the region are the polar bear, sea otter, walrus, orca and seal. All of these animals possess special adaptations that allow them to sur...


The temperature of the Arctic Ocean can reach 32 degrees F in the summer and -22 degrees F in the winter. A sheet of ice covers the ocean for much of the year, and from October to June, it is ice locked. The Arctic Ocean is the world's smallest major ocean.


The Arctic is not considered a continent because it is a region that is not comprised of one specific land mass. Several countries belonging to separate continents reach into the Arctic region.


The average depth of the Arctic Ocean is approximately 3,953 feet. Its deepest point, which measures 18,456 feet, is located at the latitude of 77 degrees and 45 minutes North and the longitude of 175 degrees West.


People have adapted to the Arctic through behavioral means, such as the manners in which they construct their homes, and physiologically, as they have thicker bodies than people from other habitats possess. Humans can adapt to many different habitats because of their in...