Aortic root replacement surgery is a medical procedure that involves removing parts of the aorta and aortic valve and replacing them with an artificial tube and a mechanical or biological valve respectively, notes Mayo C... More »

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In general, the normal size of an aortic root is 2.0-3.7 centimeters; however, the measurement should be corrected for a patient's body surface area, notes Echocardiographer.org. The aortic root is the portion of the aor... More »

A dilated aortic root is an aortic root that has expanded through an aneurysm, according to Mayo Clinic. The primary risk that a dilation presents is that the aorta can stretch the valve, weakening or even tearing the he... More »

Aortic valve surgery involves the replacement or repair of the valve that attaches the aorta to the heart, explains the Cleveland Clinic. The aortic valve is one of four, and if it becomes severely damaged surgery may be... More »

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Aortic valve stenosis occurs when the aortic valve narrows and obstructs blood flow from the heart into the aorta and onward to the rest of the body, explains Mayo Clinic. Treatment options include medication and surgery... More »

When there is a tear in the aorta, before or during surgery, blood flowing through the aorta causes the inner and middle layers of the vessel to separate, explains Mayo Clinic. If the tear ultimately ruptures the outside... More »

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Bypass surgery and angioplasty are two surgical treatments for blocked arteries, but in less severe cases of arterial blockage, drugs and lifestyle changes are sufficient, notes Mayo Clinic. People who make the lifestyle... More »

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