Pharaoh is the word for an Ancient Egyptian ruler regardless of gender. Men and women still had designations as kings and queens, but the title of Pharaoh specifically referred to the acting ruler. More »

A simple timeline of Ancient Egypt begins with the settlement of the Nile circa 7000 B.C. and ends with the Greek invasion of Egypt led by Alexander the Great. Between these times, archaeologists have divided the history... More » History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

Khufu or Khnum-Khufu, the fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh credited as the force behind the famous Great Pyramid of Giza, was a cruel and despotic ruler, according to some historical records. The Greek historian Herodotus... More »

In the highly ordered social hierarchy of the Ancient Egyptian civilization, merchants enjoyed a status in their society just below that of a scribe. Because scribes were well-educated, vital to the administration of the... More »

The Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Khufu is best known for ordering the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Khufu, who ruled as the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the 26th century B.C., is believed to have bee... More »

Ancient Egyptian artisans created works of art and ornamental furnishings primarily for the noble and wealthy of Egypt. Because so many of the items they crafted went into Egyptian tombs, archaeologists have a very good ... More » History Ancient History Ancient Egypt

The daily life of Ancient Egyptian slaves revolved around the work they were required to perform. They were the lowest class of society, but in many instances they were more fortunate than free peasants who were taxed a ... More »