"School of Athens" was painted by the artist Raphael in the early 16th century. It is classified as a High Renaissance piece, and it depicts some of the most influential philosophers in history. More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Rome

In 1510 and 1511, Rafael painted the School of Athens in order to depict philosophy as one of the four branches of knowledge in a series of frescoes on the walls of the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. Pope Julius II co... More »

The foods enjoyed in ancient Athens were much like the foods found in other areas of Greece at the time and generally centered around wine, bread and olive oil. Although some meats were included in the diets of the ancie... More »

In calling Athens "the school of Hellas" in his funerary speech after the first battles of the Peloponnesian Wars, Pericles was saying that Athens was the school of all of Greece. Hellas means "Greek," and is how the peo... More »

Among the notable people buried at Rome's Pantheon are painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, composer Arcangelo Corelli and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. Also buried there are two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II a... More »

The Romans began using coins at the end of the fourth century B.C. Prior to this, a rough system of bronze weights called the aes rude was used as currency. The first Roman coins were primarily bronze, but silver began t... More »

www.reference.com History Ancient History Ancient Rome

According to the Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities, Rome was founded in the middle of the 8th century B.C. Rome has been occupied continuously for over 2,700 years. More »