Congress has the power to make new laws, change existing laws, raise and support armed forces, declare war, establish post offices, secure patents and copyrights, collect taxes, regulate commerce, oversee the national budget and regulate other aspects of national finances. It also has the power to i
The most important power of Congress is the authority to make laws. A bill, also known as a proposed law, only becomes an official law after the House of Representatives and Senate have both approved it.
The United States Congress cannot pass bills of attainder, suspend the writ of habeas corpus unless it is a time of national emergency or pass ex post facto laws. Even though Congress lacks these three powers, it can still accomplish a lot for the good of the country.
Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two
The U.S. Congress meets in the Capitol Building, which is in Washington, D.C. The building lies at the eastern edge of the National Mall and stands atop a small hill known as Capitol Hill.
While the United States Constitution grants Congress power to do many things, examples of what they are prohibited from doing is the grant or issue of a title of nobility to any person or pass laws restricting religious pursuits, including the development of new religions. While the Constitution pri
The express powers of Congress are those powers granted specifically in the United States Constitution, which include the ability to make laws, amend the Constitution and declare war. Additionally, Congress is also responsible for the United States Postal Service. The House of Representatives also h
The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.
Each term of Congress last two years, and each term consists of two sessions that are each a year long. Senators serve six-year terms, and representatives serve two-year terms.
A list of the expressed powers of Congress, that is, those powers expressly enumerated or granted by Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution, can be found in the Model Congress section of Princeton University's website. They include the powers to set and collect income taxes and other