Several different models of Ford Mustang have had Cobra badges over the car's production history, including the 1965-70 GT350 and GT500 and the 1976-78 Cobra II Mustangs. Modern Mustang Cobras consist of the SVT Cobras produced from 1993 to 2003 and the various Cobra derivatives from 2006 onward.
The Ford Mustang Cobra derivatives have a confusing naming history, and there is some disagreement as to what constitutes a true Mustang Cobra model. Further complicating the issue are the Mustangs that were not named Cobras, but had Cobra Jet engines. Other cars popularly considered Mustang Cobras never officially carried the Cobra name, including the famous 1960s GT350 and GT500 models.
Despite never being officially named a Mustang Cobra, the 1965 GT350 is the clear progenitor of the Mustang Cobra line. Modified by racer Carroll Shelby, these cars featured a much larger V8 and heavier brakes and axles than standard Mustangs for racing. The GT500 followed in 1967, with an immense 7-liter V8 under the hood. Shelby was no longer involved with Mustang production after 1970, with subsequent Cobra models produced internally by Ford. This changed in 2006 with the release of the 2006 GT350H. Ford has continued to produce Cobra vehicles for most model years since as of 2015.