Solar-powered cars operate on either a battery or a motor that is powered by energy from the sun. These cars can use a motor or a battery depending on the design of the manufacturer and the model of the car. Solar cars are smaller than fuel-driven cars, and they are safer because of their lower speeds.
Solar panels are placed strategically, and the solar energy harnessed through these panels is used to charge the battery or directly operate the motor. The solar panels contain photovoltaic cells that are made of silicon and are used to collect the rays from the sun and convert them into usable form of energy.
The basic component of a car that runs on solar energy is the photovoltaic array. The electrical energy that is generated from the sun goes straight to the motor when the ignition key is turned on. However, when the motor is not running, the harnessed solar power is kept in the battery in the form of chemical energy. The motors of most of these cars are small, so shifting gears is not necessary because it is done by the electronic motor. Another essential component is the power data and tracker system, which is responsible for monitoring the supply of power.