Tummy tucks are fairly safe and have a low chance of complications, states the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. However, it is a surgical procedure, and as such, there is some risk.
Possible complications include bleeding, blood clots and infection from the surgery, according to WebMD. The chance of complications is higher in individuals who have diabetes, heart, lung or liver disease or poor circulation. Some people heal poorly and may need a second surgery. Other complications include numbness, skin loss, swelling and a change in skin color, advises Cleveland Clinic. Some patients may have a reaction to the anesthesia during the procedure.
After the surgery, patients have a scar from the incision. Pain and swelling is normal after surgery, and soreness may last for several months, advises Cleveland Clinic. Patients may not participate in strenuous activity for at least six weeks following the procedure, advises WebMD. In addition, doctors may recommend taking up to a month off work to fully recover.
Patients can reduce the risks associated with a tummy tuck by not smoking for at least two weeks before and after the surgery, states Cleveland Clinic. They should also maintain a healthy diet so that the body is better able to heal after surgery.