Q:

How do you replace a power steering pump?

A:

Quick Answer

To replace a power steering pump, drain the power steering fluid reservoir, and detach the hoses and mounting bolts to replace the pump. Bleed the hydraulic system afterward.

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Full Answer

  1. Prepare the bolts for removal

    Spray penetrating spray on the bolts of the power steering pump. Make sure the bolts secure the pump and the connections are tightened to the recommended torque.

  2. Raise the vehicle

    Jack up the front end of the car, and support it with jack stands. Chock the rear wheels.

  3. Remove all necessary parts

    Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal on the battery. Locate the power steering fluid system in your vehicle. If you need to remove any parts to access the pump and hoses, remove the parts.

  4. Drain the power steering fluid reservoir

    Place one end of a siphon pump in the reservoir, and place the other end in a bucket. Pump all of the fluid out of the reservoir.

  5. Loosen the parts connected to the pump

    Loosen the feed and return hoses connected to the pump. Remove the bolts that secure the pump.

  6. Remove the pump and pulley

    Remove the pump from the vehicle, and use a pulley removal tool to remove the pulley from the pump.

  7. Install the new pump

    Install the pulley on the new pump. Install the new pump in the same way the old pump was installed.

  8. Connect the hoses and mounting bolts

    Reconnect the hoses, and tighten the mounting bolts. Torque the bolts as recommended. If you have a V-belt model, torque the bolts after finishing the installation.

  9. Return removed parts

    Reinstall any parts you removed, and fill the power steering fluid reservoir with fresh fluid. Reconnect the battery cable.

  10. Bleed the air out of the hydraulic system

    Turn on the engine. Slowly turn the steering wheel to the right. Once the steering wheel barely reaches the stopping point, slowly turn the wheel to the left. Continue turning the wheel until the fluid level is normal.

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