How Does a Reciprocating Compressor Work?

Reciprocating compressors work by increasing air pressure through suctioning air into their systems, then pumping air out at higher pressure. The equipment centers on a piston inside a cylinder attached to a crankshaft.

Chemical, oil and natural gas refineries and refrigeration plants use reciprocating air compressors. The equipment is ideal for moving liquids and gases under pressure. The compressors suction air into a closed space using a piston, cylinder and crankshaft. The action enables them to move gases or liquids through pipelines. Also known as positive displacement compressors, compressors have found their way to home garages and workshops. The compressors power a variety of tools like nail guns, drills and sanders.