The 2016 Chevrolet Colorado, 2015 GMC Canyon and 2015 Ford F-150 are among the most fuel-efficient pickup trucks on the market, as of June 2015. All of these pickup trucks get at least 26 miles per gallon in highway driving and at least 19 mpg in city driving.
The Ford F-150 is slightly less efficient than the GMC Canyon or Chevrolet Colorado, both of which get an extra mile to the gallon in both city and highway driving. However, the Ford F-150 is a full-size pickup sporting a 325-horsepower turbocharged V6 engine, while the Canyon and Colorado are small pickups that each have a 200-horsepower engine. The towing and hauling capacity of the F-150 is therefore much higher than the other two trucks, even with its slight reduction in overall fuel efficiency.
The F-150, Canyon and Colorado are also available with a number of optional engines that are not as fuel efficient as the engines described above. These engines may increase the performance of the truck, but this often comes at a cost to overall fuel economy. For example, an optional larger turbocharged V6 available for the F-150 has an additional 40 horsepower over the most efficient turbocharged engine, but loses 2 mpg in both city and highway driving. Adding four-wheel drive also negatively impacts fuel economy due to the additional weight of the system.