The Model T was the first automobile that became affordable to the working class in the United States. Ford Motor Company built the car between 1908 and 1927. Using his concept of the assembly line, Henry Ford reduced the price of the car from $850 in 1908 to under $300 in 1925. At one time, Model Ts accounted for 40 percent of the cars sold in the United States.
The Model T had a 100-inch wheelbase, and Ford sold it in touring car, town car and runabout models. The runabout offered seating for two while the touring car seated five and the town car had room for seven. Ford originally produced the Model T in several colors but only offered it in black from 1913 until 1925.
The Model T's four-cylinder, 20-horsepower engine had a top speed of 40 to 45 miles per hour. The transmission offered two forward speeds and reverse. The Model T used a gravity feed fuel system with the gas tank located under the front seat. In order to climb steep hills, drivers used reverse gear, which had a lower ratio than either of the forward gears and kept fuel flowing to the engine. While the car was popular, it was also known for its rattles, uncomfortable ride and homely appearance.