Volvo manufactures many of its cars at its central headquarters and factory in Gothenburg, Sweden, as well as the nearby Volvo assembly plant located in Torslanda, Sweden. Other major Volvo manufacturing locations include the Volvo Cars Ghent plant in Belgium and the Swedish Motor Assemblies plant located in Malaysia.
Volvo?s central operations and manufacturing have remained in Gothenburg, Sweden, since the company?s inception in 1927, despite its changes in ownership. Volvo added additional manufacturing capacity by opening the Torslandaverken assembly plant in 1964, located approximately seven miles from Gothenburg. Volvo's Belgian subsidiary, Volvo Cars Europe, opened the Ghent assembly plant in Belgium the next year. Subsidiary Swedish Motor Assemblies opened its plant in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 1967 to manufacture Volvo vehicles for left-hand drivers. These plants continue to provide the bulk of manufacturing for Volvo Cars.
The Zhejiang Geely Holding Group of China took ownership of Volvo Cars in 2010, and as a result Volvo began some manufacturing operations in China. These plants are located in Chongquing, Chengdu and Daqing, and manufacture models such as the XC90 SUV, which ended production in Sweden in 2014. As of 2015, Volvo also plans to open an American manufacturing plant at Charleston, South Carolina, in 2018.