The Light Sport Aircraft is a classification that is given by the FAA to a specific type of aircraft meeting nationally set requirements, such as having a maximum takeoff weight of 1,320 pounds and being powered by a single, reciprocating engine. An LSA is also limited to a maximum of two seats for a pilot and a single passenger. LSAs are also only allowed to reach a maximum airspeed of approximately 120 knots or 138 miles per hour.
Other LSA requirements include having a fixed or retractable landing gear, depending on whether it is a normal aircraft or a seaplane. The cabin of an LSA is non-pressurized, and its nozzle is fitted with either a ground-adjustable or fixed propeller. The maximum stall speed for this type of aircraft is limited to only 45 knots or 52 miles per hour.
As of 2015, aircraft that meet the United States FAA requirements for an LSA model include the 3Xtrim Navigator 600, the Airplane Factory Sling 2, the Cessna 162, the Hawk Arrow II SLSA, and the Pipistrel Virus SW LSA.
Prospective LSA owners are required to have a Sport Pilot License to fly their aircraft. LSA recreational flying licenses require pilots to be at least 17 years of age and have a minimum of 20 hours of flight training.