The earliest patent for an electric bicycle was issued in 1895 by Ogden Bolton, Jr. His patent included a hub motor mounted in the rear wheel. Two years later, Hosea W. Libbey invented an electric bicycle with two motors. Numerous modifications have occurred to the electric bicycle car.
In 1898, Mathew J. Steffens introduced an electric bicycle operated by a belt. This belt drive system led to concepts involving friction drive. In 1899, John Schnepf invented an electric bicycle that utilized a pulley that rested on the rear wheel. By 1946, Jesse D. Tucker issued a patent for a motor with internal gearing. This revolutionary concept introduced the ability to use the bicycle pedals in conjunction with or without the electric motor.