Automotive inspection forms record the condition of a vehicle's safety equipment and specify repairs required to conform to local safety regulations. Each State Transportation Department determines whether to require vehicle safety inspections or not, and each outlines inspection program specifics, according to the United States Department of Transportation.
Inspection criteria varies by location and vehicle class. Items inspected on passenger cars may include windshields, horns, mirrors and seat belts. The condition of brakes, tires, wheel assemblies and exterior lamps are sometimes checked. In some states, windows immediately to the right and left of drivers fail inspection when tint has a light transmittance value of 25 percent or less. Mobile drilling and road-building equipment are exempt from inspections in some states.
Some registered vehicles may require emissions testing. The type of emissions test is determined by location and vehicle age. Emissions standards are managed by the Environmental Protection Agency, though states may enact stricter regulations.
Automotive technicians may perform auxiliary inspections along with another automotive service, such as an oil change. Car dealerships may provide an inspection checklist when a car is purchased. Only vehicles that pass state inspections receive a windshield sticker. DMV.org provides an inspection checklist for persons purchasing a vehicle from private sellers.