Some features of the Jaguar C-Type are its lightweight tubular space frame, its aerodynamic aluminum body and its 3.4-liter straight-six engine with a dual exhaust system. The Jaguar C-Type is also notable for its lack of traditional car accessories such as carpets, external door handles and weather equipment.
The Jaguar C-Type, also known as the Jaguar XK120-C, was a British car sold from 1951 to 1953 that was built for the express purpose of racing. In fact, the "C" in "C-Type" stands for "competition." The construction of this car utilized a new technique in sports car construction at the time: a lightweight, tubular space frame. The C-Type's distinctive frame, designed by Bob Knight, is multi-tubular and triangular, while its aerodynamic aluminum body, with its fluid conjunction of bulges and curves, was designed by the revolutionary Jaguar stylist Malcolm Sayer. Sayer was one of the first engineers to apply the principles of aircraft design to cars.
The Jaguar C-Type's 3.4-liter XK engine was capable of producing between 160 to 180 units of brake horse power. In addition, the C-Type was capable of reaching speeds of over 100 miles per hour. The car took first place in the famed LeMons race twice during its run. In all, 53 Jaguar C-Types were built between the time of the car's debut in 1951 and its retirement in 1953.