Some common complaints about OEM tires are fast tread wear, slow leaks and uneven wear. Most OEM tires are designed to complement the performance features of the vehicle; however, certain design aspects do not always prove useful for all drivers.
OEM stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer. OEM tires are the ones included on the vehicle by the manufacturer when it is new from the factory. When a vehicle is in production, automakers confer with tire manufacturers to develop a tire with certain characteristics designed to complement the performance features of the vehicle.
When an automaker is designing a set of OEM tires for a vehicle, it prioritizes the areas that it feels do the best job of making drivers feel satisfied with the vehicle. The tire manufacturer takes this into account and tries to expand the tire's capabilities in those areas without compromising performance in others. The OEM tire that develops is the most satisfactory result the two companies can reach together.
The J.D. Power & Associates Original Equipment Tire Customer Satisfaction Study of 2014 reported a 22-percent decrease in the number of problems owners experienced with their OEM tires over the previous five years, indicating an industry-wide improvement in tire quality. According to this study, the OEM tire issues that showed the greatest improvements were fast tread wear, slow leaks and uneven wear. The vehicle segment in which the most owners reported being unsatisfied with their OEM tires was the performance sport segment.