To renew an expired driver's license, the driver has to go to a DMV office, fill out paperwork, and take the written and road tests if the grace period has passed. The timeframes for required steps to renew the license vary between jurisdictions.
Almost every city has at least one DMV office to renew an expired license. Typically, there is a grace period during which the written and road tests aren't required. In Alabama, for example, you can go three years without having to retake the exams, and can renew the license within 60 days after expiration to avoid paying fees. Transferring an expired license from out-of-state carries a shorter period.
After paying the license renewal fee, applicants take a vision test. Should someone fail the vision test at the DMV, he can take a vision form to a licensed ophthalmologist and get a second opinion. Then, the written test occurs to ensure the driver is still familiar with state laws and the rules of the road. The final step made by appointment is the road test, which tests practical driving skills. An insured vehicle in good working order is required to take the driving test, and the test may be rescheduled if the weather makes it unsafe to drive.