Despite claims made by some research, there is no evidence to suggest that texting has any quantifiable negative effects on the language skills of children or high school students. According to research performed by Coventry University in the UK, despite not using correct grammar and spelling in text messages, this did not pass over to written or spoken language skills.
Other research into a link between loss of language skills and texting concluded that texting during a class drastically reduced learning ability, putting students at risk of receiving poor grades. However, as any distracting activity during class could also cause similar difficulty in absorbing important information, having access to a phone itself is likely more damaging than texting alone.
Some experts also argue that texting is an ongoing part of the natural progression of language, although other linguistic experts do not agree.
Despite the divisions in opinion, it is likely that texting is not damaging, but learning and language skills are instead affected more by the distractions that cell phones themselves can cause.
The research performed at Coventry University measured a variety of age groups' IQ, grammar and language skills at the start of the process, and compared these results with similar tests performed a year later. While older students did display a slight decrease in the correct use of grammar and spelling, researchers concluded that there was not enough evidence to link this purely to texting.