The six components of a computer include the central processing unit (CPU), motherboard, hard drive, memory, monitor and peripherals. The CPU is essentially the engine of the computer, while the motherboard is a circuit board that contains the memory, processor and ROM chips.
The computer's memory is stored in random access memory (RAM). RAM enables the computer to multitask and is the primary force behind the machine's speed and efficiency. The monitor, which comes in various sizes, enables users to see what is happening. Peripherals of a computer refer to the mouse and keyboard as well as any extras or components that allow users to interact with the machine. Other important parts of a computer include the case, which is the metal or plastic box that contains the computer parts, along with a modem to connect the device to the internet.