What Are the Microprocessor Types?

There are five primary microprocessor types: complex instruction set microprocessors, reduced instruction set microprocessors, superscalar processors, application-specific integrated circuit processors and digital signal multiprocessors. A microprocessor is a part of a computer, and it is made out of tiny transistors, circuit parts and a microchip or solo semi-conductor.

Microprocessors are often abbreviated as uP. The microprocessor can be found in many parts of the computer such as the graphics processing unit (GPU), but the most recognized microprocessor is the central processing unit (CPU).

The complex instruction set microprocessor is also called the CISM. It works by performing all orders together while low-level functions are also being performed. It is used to download data or upload data from a memory card. The reduced instruction set microprocessor is also called the RISC, and it works to speed up the rest of the machine's microprocessors. It works through commands quickly, allowing it to perform more commands than other microprocessors.

The superscalar processor can also perform several commands at once, but it is focused on multipliers and arithmetic logic units. The application-specific integrated circuit is also called the ASIC, and it was created to perform detailed actions and orders. The digital signal multiprocessor is also called the DSP, and it was created to convert, decode and encode between all analog and digital video. DSPs are used in mobile telephones, RADAR, SONAR and cable boxes.