The Internet was created essentially to enable and facilitate communications among connected systems at the local, state, national and international levels. The concept for the Internet, also called the World Wide Web, was developed in the early 1970s by the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA. The agency launched a research campaign to find effective ways to link computers to facilitate the exchange of information.
Although DARPA proposed the idea for the Internet and provided the basic concepts for its use, it took many more years for the Internet to gain traction and be used on a wider scale by civilians and government officials. There was an emerging use for the Internet in the late 1980s. It was used by the public, and accompanied with support services, provided by private firms, to facilitate use.