Truth or fiction websites like TruthorFiction.com, Snopes.com and Hoax-Slayer.com provide fact checking for rumors, hoaxes and urban legends. Once a question is received, the staff at the website researches the question, then typically provides any number of answers including Truth, Fiction, Disputed, Truth & Fiction, Mostly Truth or other variations. Additionally, these sites also usually reference articles and other sources used to come to the verdict in the body of the response.
These sites' visitors tend to be primarily American, but other English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and India also contribute greater than 1 percent each of the website's traffic, according to Alexa.com. Additionally, males are over-represented on the site and females are under-represented.
The three websites listed above are the four most visited urban myth and e-rumor checking sites, according to Alexa.com. Of the four, Snopes.com has the largest following with TruthorFiction.com close behind. Hoax-Slayer.com is a distant third place.
All three of the truth or fiction search websites are privately owned. Snopes.com is an independent entity owned and operated by founders Barbara and David Mikkelson. TruthorFiction.com was founded by Rich Buhler, a Christian radio host and author. Hoax-Slayer.com was founded by Australian Brett Christiansen and is operated by Christiansen and his family, including his wife Deborah and their sons Matthew and Cameron.