The invention of the telephone allowed people around the world to instantly share new ideas and information on a whim. This increased efficiency across the board, as previous communication depended on the telegraph and hand delivered mail.
The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. Initially, telephones could only be afforded by upper class citizens because the materials used to connect to the telephone network were prohibitively expensive. It was Bell's ultimate vision that telephones be made so inexpensive that even the poorest in society could have access to its benefits if they chose. The practical value of the telephone was almost immediately recognized as businesses, home, and education adopted the new technology to speak with their loved ones or co workers.
Once the telephone made it into the work place, a new way of life emerged as city centers developed around office buildings and urban areas all to utilize the telephone for businesses. The increased speed of communication allowed business to take place at a faster rate, which meant more profits and increased economic growth. Although many jobs were destroyed because of the telephone, including telegraphers and messenger boys, other jobs, such as telephone operators, were created.