Some common Windows commands include "attrib", which changes the attributes of a single file or directory, "cd", which changes the current directory, and "cls", which clears the screen. Another common command is "assoc", which displays a full list of file extensions and particular programs that open each file type.
Windows commands are only functional in a command prompt window, which is available in operating systems that feature a command-line interface. The commands enable users to communicate directly with the operating system by bypassing the graphical user interface. Windows commands are more commonly referred to as command prompt commands or CMD commands.
"Help", "md", "rd", "type" and "rename" are more examples of basic CMD commands. "Help" displays information about applicable commands, "print" prints a specified file and "type" displays the contents of a file. The "md" command, which can also be written as "mkdir", creates a new folder inside the current folder. The "rd" command, which can also be written as "rmdir", deletes a folder. For this command to work, the folder to be removed must be empty.
The "dir" command displays the content in a folder and the "rename" command renames a file. When renaming from the command prompt window, the user must specify the file's extension.