What Is Cellular Waste Disposal?

All cells in the body are constantly hard at work trying to maintain homeostasis, which means the cells are trying to keep the conditions in the body the same at all times. To do this, the cells must get rid of any waste products it encounters and dispose of it, and this process is referred to as cellular waste disposal.

The cells in the body engage in very complex behaviors in an attempt to survive. Cells work hard to remove all types of waste, including toxic chemicals and diseased organisms. Parts of a cell that break down and die must also be eliminated from the body. If this cellular waste is not removed on a continuous basis, the body becomes toxic, and disease often develops.

The process of cellular waste disposal relies on the organelle called lysosome. Lysosome is a special pocket within cells that contain substances called enzymes, which break down cellular waste. Lysosomes help to break down and eliminate old, worn cells, and they also get rid of waste that forms in healthier cells. If the lysosomes cannot get all of the waste out of the cells, a process known as exocytosis occurs, which is when the remaining waste is moved from the cytoplasm to the outside of a cell.