There are several steps you can take to improve the speed and performance of your computer, including the removal of unnecessary files and programs, scanning for and fixing system errors, and removing malware. Additionally, you can adjust the visual effects in Windows and defragment your hard drive.
- Remove the unnecessary files and shortcuts on the desktop
Use your mouse to select the files and shortcuts that you no longer use, and press the Delete button. Alternatively, you can press Delete while holding down Shift to permanently delete the selected files.
- Uninstall unnecessary programs
Hold down the Start button, and press R. Type in “appwiz.cpl” in the dialog box, and press Enter. In the list of currently installed programs, select the ones you no longer use, and click on the Uninstall option. Follow the uninstallation wizard instructions, and left-click on OK or Finish once the process is complete.
- Scan for and fix system errors
Hold down the Start button, and press R. Type in “cmd” in the dialog box, and press Enter. Once the command prompt window is active, type “chkdsk /r”, and press Enter. Wait for the process to complete, and restart your computer if prompted.
- Remove malware
Download and install a malware-removal utility such as Malwarebytes Anti-Malware, and run the scanning process by left-clicking on the Scan Now button. Once the scan is complete, check the boxes next to the detected threats, select the Quarantine option, and left-click on Apply Actions.
- Adjust the visual effects
If you are using Windows 7, press the Start button, type “visual effects” in the search field, and select the Adjust the appearance and performance of windows option. In the Performance Options dialog box, select the Adjust for best performance, and left-click on OK.
- Defragment your hard drive
Press the Start button, type “disk defragmenter” in the search field, and select the Disk Defragmenter option in the results. Select the drive or partition you wish to defragment, and left-click on the Defragment disk button. Once the process is complete, restart your computer.