The worldfamous Brazilian soccer player, Pele, retired in 1977. Pele was named one of the "Most Influential People of the Century" by Time magazine and "The Player of the 20th Century" by FIFA. As of 2010, he remains the honorary president of the New York Cosmos, the American team he helped win an NASL championship victory the same year he retired.
Pele was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento, in 1940, in the state of Minas Gerias, Brazil. The nickname by which he is known worldwide came during his school days. He joined his first team, Santos, at the age of 15 and quickly became the top scorer in the league. Pele played on the Brazil national team between 1957 and 1971. He joined the New York Cosmos in 1971 and remained with the team until his retirement in 1977. Pele is listed as having scored the most career goals in the Guinness World Records and is the leading scorer for Brazil with 77 goals scored in 92 games.