The weapons used in modern fencing competitions are the foil, the epee and the sabre. Each weapon corresponds to a specific style of fencing each with its own set of rules.
The foil is a light weapon designed for thrusting actions. In competition, points are scored when the opponent is touched by the tip of the foil. These touches only count when they are on the torso, neck or groin.
The epee is heavier than a foil. In competition, touches with an epee are scored when the tip hits any part of the body.
The sabre is designed as a thrusting and light cutting weapon. In competition, touches are scored anywhere on the body above the waist except for the weapon hand. These hits can be done with the tip or side of the sabre.