A steelhead trout fishing report is used to gather steelhead trout angling data to track trends over time. These reports allow states to manage steelhead trout effectively by restoring and protecting depleted stocks while providing fishing opportunities to steelhead trout anglers.
One distinct population segment of steelhead trout in Southern California is listed as endangered, and another nine distinct population segments are listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act, including populations in Northern California, the Upper Willamette River, the Upper Columbia River and the Snake River Basin. Conservation efforts include rearing trout in hatcheries, removing or modifying dams that inhibit migration, and restoring damaged habitats.
Steelhead trout are dark-olive and heavily speckled in color with lighter silver undersides and pink or red stripes along their sides. The fish can weigh up to 55 pounds and have a length up to 45 inches, but are usually much smaller. Steelhead trout are born in freshwater streams but migrate to saltwater habitats where most of their growth occurs. They return to the freshwater streams where they were born to spawn. Unlike salmon, steelhead trout can spawn more than once. The fish reach sexual maturity at two to three years of age and can live up to 11 years.