All 50 states, plus three territories, have laws that allow the issuance of concealed-carry permits to gun owners. The requirements for receiving a permit vary by jurisdiction.
Forty-two states and the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico have "shall issue" laws, as of 2014. Such laws mandate the issuance of a permit upon the applicant satisfying governmental requirements. Permits are issued only to residents of Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. Guam is also in this group.
States that extend the granting of permits to non-residents include Arizona, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Washington. Puerto Rico also grants permits to non-residents.
"May Issue" laws give governments the ability to not issue concealed-carry permits. California, Delaware and Hawaii will consider requests only from residents. This group includes New York City and the Virgin Islands territory. Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York state allow non-residential applicants to request a permit.
The territories of American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands do not issue concealed-carry permits. Washington, D.C., was in this group until July 2014 when a federal judge ruled the city's ban on the carrying of guns outside of an owner's residence was unconstitutional.