The national sport of Pakistan is field hockey. However, recent results for the Pakistani field hockey team at international competitions have not lived up to its glorious past. As of 2014, the team has not won an Olympic medal in the sport since 1992.
One factor cited in the decline of field hockey in Asia is the use of artificial turf, which became common in the 1970s and 1980s. Pakistanis (and their Indian neighbors) had become artists of the sport because of their use of short passes to dribble around opponents. The different caroms that result on turf changed the game.