Badminton uses lingo and terminology specific to the sport, including alley, backcourt, balk, carry, clear, drive, fault, flick, kill, hairpin shot, racket, shuttlecock, smash and wood shot. Badminton terms include let, love, match, net shot, overhead, point and rally. International rules and vocabulary are standardized by the Badminton World Federation, which is the international governing body recognized by the International Olympic Committee. Badminton has been an Olympic sport since 1992.
The Washington Post explains that an alley, in Badminton, is a 1.5-feet-wide extension of the sideline, which creates a wider court for doubles play. Likewise, the back alley is between the back-boundary line and long-service lines for doubles. The short-service line is 6.5 feet from the net, and all serves must go over this line to be considered legal.
A balk, or feint, is an illegal move designed to deceive the opponent of a serving team while the shuttlecock is served. A carry denotes an illegal tactic in which the shuttlecock is held on the racket, and then slung by a player.
The shuttlecock is the object hit by players over the net. Traditionally, a shuttlecock is made of 16 goose feathers attached to a goat-skin-covered cork tip. Modern shuttlecocks are plastic with rubber tips. Also known as a bird or birdie, the shuttlecock weighs between 0.17 and 0.19 ounce. The heavier the object, the farther it flies. Shuttlecocks go farther in higher altitudes and higher temperatures.