What Are the Numbers of Hexagons and Pentagons on an Official Soccer Ball?


Quick Answer

An official soccer ball typically consists of 20 white hexagons and 12 black pentagons tightly stitched together for a puzzle-like fit. Manufacturers began using patches of leather hexagons and pentagons to construct soccer balls when upon realization that they created the most spherical shape.

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Full Answer

Charles Goodyear inspired the modern soccer ball manufactured them using vulcanized patent leather, but modern manufacturers discovered that the hexagon patches were ideal.

While this modern-day "buckyball" design is used by most professional soccer leagues around the world as of 2014, Adidas introduced 14- and eight-panel balls for the 2006 and 2010 World Cup Finals. The balls, however, were the cite of criticism by players due to their unpredictable movements in the air.

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