Mathematics can be used to either track the rally points or find out a way to serve the ball with the fastest spin. A spinning ball follows a curved trajectory, while a non-spinning ball does not. A spinning ball gives the player an edge on the receiver, since it is difficult to expect which direction it will take.
Probability is another mathematical concept used in games like volleyball to find out the end result of a game, before the game is over. Plus, the angle at which the players hit the ball also plays a very important role. It is also possible to calculate the force needed to hit the ball using the weight, speed and distance.