As of 2009, fewer than 100 deaths had been recorded due to bungee jumping accidents, according to XtremeSport. According to the Law Offices of Mark A. Kaire, between 1986 and 2002, only 18 bungee-jumping-related fatalities were reported. The risk of a bungee jumping accident is about 1 in 500,000. This risk is roughly equivalent to that of driving a distance of around 100 miles in an automobile.
Most bungee jumping deaths occur due to safety harness failures, miscalculations in cord length or cords that are improperly connected to the bungee platform. Many famous bungee deaths have occurred because of these mishaps, which are typically due to human error. Michael Lush, who died in 1986 during a BBC television stunt, was killed when his harness accidentally unhooked from a crane. The BBC was later prosecuted by the British Health and Safety Executive for not following properly bungee safety regulations during Lush's jump. Although the risk of death in bungee jumping is quite low, various injuries can occur due to the dramatic rise in upper body pressure that occurs during cord recoil. Eyesight injuries are the most common, including retinal hemorrhage or loss of vision. Whiplash injuries can also occur as the jumper's neck is jolted by the bungee cord. In women, uterine prolapse can occur, which can potentially be life-threatening.