Contact your state's department of wildlife resources to find local dates for squirrel hunting season, as well as rules, regulations, bag limits and hunting ranges. Individual states publish hunting season dates and licensing information on the government agency website.
Due to the abundance of nut-bearing trees, including oak, walnut and beech trees, several different squirrel species thrive in the forests and woodlands of the northeastern and midwestern United States. Hunting seasons, regulations and bag limits vary by state and may change from year to year. For example, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources generally allows red, gray, black and fox squirrel hunting during daylight hours from the beginning of fall until mid-winter, with closures during the deer gun season. New York state is slightly more flexible, allowing hunters to shoot or trap gray, black and fox squirrels from sunrise to sunset throughout the fall and winter in most counties. New York places no restrictions on red squirrels, as of July 2015.
The western states have fewer squirrel habitats and more limited hunting opportunities. The open season for hunting ground squirrels in California runs through the fall and early winter months, with an early start for archery and falconry, according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. In Washington, the western gray squirrel is on the threatened species list, while hunters can hunt other species of squirrel, such as the eastern gray, eastern fox and California ground squirrels, any time.