Long jumpers typically learn the rules of the long jump from their coaches or track teams. United States of America Track & Field establishes long jump rules in accordance with the Olympic and Junior Olympic standards.
According to the long jump rules, jumpers approach the jump on an all-weather track and take off from an 8-inch-wide wooden board that is flush with the track. The jumper's foot must be completely behind the foul line upon take-off, or the jump is a foul. No matter how far behind the foul line the jumper takes off, the jump length is still measured as the distance from the foul line to the piece of the jumper's body landing closest to the foul line. Wind is measured, and no more than 2 meters per second of wind assistance is allowed.
Normally jumpers are given three jumps, though this number can vary. Only the longest jump is recorded in the results, but all jumps are recorded. The jumper with the longest jump wins. If two or more jumpers tie, the jumper among them with the second-best jump is the winner. When a track and field meet has a large number of competitors and lasts several rounds, those in charge of the track meet determine how many competitors advance during each round.