According to National Geographic, the first person to climb Mount Fuji was an anonymous monk in 663 A.D. Up until the Meiji era in the late 19th century, only men were allowed to climb to the summit.
The first westerner to climb Mount Fuji was Sir Rutherford Alcock in September 1860, according to About.com. Seven years later, the first western woman, Fanny Parkes, ascended to the peak of Mount Fuji. It is unknown when the first Japanese woman climbed to the top of the mountain. Each year, more than 100,000 people attempt to climb to the top of Mount Fuji, making it the most-popular mountain in the world for climbing.