On a Major League baseball diamond, the bases are 90 feet apart. Major League Baseball's official rules identify the infield as a 90-foot square. College and high school baseball infields have the same dimensions as a Major League infield.
A:National Basketball Association cheerleaders are either volunteers or earn about $50 to $100 per game as of 2010. With 41 NBA games in a season, a cheerleader makes a maximum of $4,100 for the season.
A:Good sportsmanship is important not only as a practice of etiquette and respect in sports but also because it helps teach young athletes good behavior that carries over into other aspects of life. For example, a young athlete who believes that it is appropriate to gloat when his or her team wins may believe that such condescending and rude behavior is appropriate in other aspects of life. While sports provide physical activity and competition, these activities are also forms of social engagement that are guided by a set of behavioral rules much in the same way that other activities like business place a secondary emphasis on social behavior.
A:As of 2014, China has not formally declared a national sport, but there are a range of sports that are very popular and in which Chinese competitors tend to dominate the field. These include table tennis, mahjong, badminton and a number of martial arts such as wushu.
A:The rules do not allow players to participate in polo left-handed. The original ban took effect in the 1930s because of safety concerns. Following World War II, the United States Polo Association lifted the ban but then reinstated it in 1974.
A:As of 2014, the number of sports that are internationally recognized stands at 442. Most sports fall into several broad categories. Some of these categories include aquatic, ball-and-stick, ball-over-net, shooting, snow, combat, gymnastics and cycling sports.
A:The metal ball used in adult men's shot put competition weighs 16 pounds, or 7.25 kilograms, while the ball used in women's competition typically weighs 8.8 pounds, or four kilograms. Shot putters tend to throw the balls with either the "glide" or the "spin" technique.
A:If a game is tied at the end of the third period in the NHL playoffs, periods of 20 minutes are played until a goal is scored. This differs from the rules of overtime in the regular season, where only one 5-minute overtime period is played followed by a shootout if the score remains tied.
A:In individual sports, a player competes without a partner, but in dual sports, a player has two or more partners. An example of an individual sport is tennis. On the other hand, double tennis is an example of a dual sport. The other kind of sport is team sport, where games are played by a group of people against an opposing group.
A:Boxing has been deemed an unsafe sport for children of any age by the American Academy of Pediatrics, which cites the danger of repeated and deliberate blows to the head. A child's brain is still developing and thus is more susceptible to damage from concussions.
A:Volleyball rules state that players rotate clockwise each time service is won and remain there until it is gained back from the opposition. Beginning with the server in the back-right corner, players are designated positions one through six in a counter-clockwise rotation, with each position representing respective "zones" one through six.
A:According to USA Volleyball, the national governing body for competitive volleyball in the United States, an indoor adult competition volleyball court is 59 feet long by 29.5 feet wide. Under National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) standards, an indoor volleyball court is 60 feet long by 30 feet wide. Some high school and youth volleyball leagues adhere to the adult competition standards.
A:The game of rugby originated at the Rugby School of Rugby, England. The popularly held belief is that rugby was invented by William Webb Ellis in 1823. Although there is a lack of evidence to corroborate this widely accepted view, the Rugby World Cup was named the William Webb Ellis Trophy by the international committee.
A:Some historians speculate that the first hockey pucks were made something quite unpleasant: frozen cow dung. That story originates from when the game was played outdoors when it was first invented, and it's not the only material that was used to form a hockey puck during the sport's early days.
A:The requirements for becoming an All-America athlete at the college level vary by sport. For example, in soccer, achieving the recognition requires a grade-point average of at least 3.3 on a four-point scale. The athlete must start in more than half of the team's games and must contribute to the team.
A:The objective of badminton is for an opposing player to attempt to land the shuttlecock on the opposing player’s side of the court. A point is earned by forcing the opposing side to miss the shuttlecock with their racquet, resulting in it touching the ground. A point is also awarded to one side if the opposing side commits an error.
A:The six basic body positions in gymnastics include the arch, pike, tuck, straddle, hollow and lunge. The skills of gymnasts, such as the ability to jump over a balance beam, fly over a vault through the air in a powerful way and swing very high on parallel bars, may seem very difficult to learn, but extensive practice is what makes them successful.
A:A regulation NHL game is 60 minutes of actual play time; however, the game time lasts approximately two and a half hours with intermissions and timeouts. The length of a game can be extended in the event of a delay or overtime.
A:As of 2014, NASCAR racing is the most popular spectator sport in the United States. Football is the most watched sport on television, but more people attend races for NASCAR than any other sporting event in the United States.
A:Although softball pitcher Jennie Finch is sometimes cited as throwing pitches around 90 miles per hour, her average pitch speed is 65 miles per hour. This discrepancy in reported speed is because a softball mound is closer to home plate than in baseball.