Common types of golf courses include parkland, links, resort and desert. Golf courses are usually categorized by the type of terrain featured and by geographic location.
Parkland courses are the most common type of golf course found in the United States. Featuring mature trees and lush, well-manicured fairways and roughs, parkland courses are typically located inland. The lawn-like fairways on these courses are narrow and resemble traditional British courses.
Located in coastal areas, links courses are generally thought of as the most traditional golf courses. A common type of course in the United Kingdom, they are located on narrow pieces of land, linking the coast and agricultural areas. The sandy soil provides efficient water drainage, helping to provide a playing surface that remains firm year-round. With a landscape featuring very few trees, the wispy grass with long roots create a challenging rough.
Resort courses are commonly located near vacation destinations and are designed to provide an enjoyable playing experience. Featuring wide fairways, short roughs and shallow sand traps, resort courses are appropriate for players of any level.
Desert courses are most common in the southwestern United States. Often appearing to be a green oasis among the arid desert, these courses require extensive irrigation. Common landscape features include palm trees, lakes and cacti.