The first written evidence of curling dates back to Scotland in the year 1540, when a local notary recorded a game between a monk and a representative of the Abbot. However, according to the World Curling Federation, the exact origins of the sport are unclear.
The first recognized curling clubs started in 19th century Scotland when contestants played on frozen lakes and ponds during the winter months as a pastime. As Scots immigrated to other countries they took the sport with them and curling gained international popularity in places such as the U.S., Canada, Norway, Switzerland, and New Zealand. The World Curling Federation is the international governing body for the sport and is located in Perth, Scotland.