What Did the National Assembly Vow When They Made the Tennis Court Oath?

On an indoor tennis court in France on June 20, 1789, members of the Estates-General took a vow not to disband until a new constitution was put into place for France. The group, known as the Third Estate, the lower echelon of the Estates-General national assembly, took this vow because of the problems related to the reign of France's King Louis XVI.

All but one (who had been cast out of the meeting) of the 577 members of the Third Estate took the pledge to remain united and to reassemble until a new French constitution was drafted. This action led directly to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which was a key factor in the French Revolution, and is the French version of the American Declaration of Independence.